Cooking for Copyright – Grow your own chicks

All this week, To celebrate the success of the original Cooking for Copyright campaign, which was instrumental in getting an amendment to the Copyright Act which brings the duration of unpublished works into line with published material, we are republishing our blogs from 2015.  We hope you enjoy them again.  We’ll be blogging more details of the recent amendments to the Copyright Act soon.

For today, our final day of cooking for copyright, we thought we share a recipe we found for the animal members of the family as well as a recipe for growing your own chicks!  I know it’s probably not technically within the scope of Cooking for Copyright but apart from being rather fun; I thought they were worth including because one of the frustrating things of not being able to share unpublished material due to copyright restrictions is that nobody really knows what hidden gems are lurking in our library collections and what their value could be.  It’s only when we share our collections with library users and the general public that we get people coming forward to help identify the significance and/or importance of material.

So here below from the Harrison family recipe book we have a recipe for Horse & Cattle Spice.  Presumably a nice treat for the equine and bovine members of the Harrison family!

Harrison Family – Horse & Cattle Spice

We had to include this because it was just too cute – a recipe for growing your own baby chickens.  Unfortunately, we weren’t able to find any fertilised eggs to test out this recipe to see if it actually works.  We would love to hear from anyone @ Vet Sci if these recipes actually work!

Harrison Family – Instructions for Working Incubator (aka How to grow your own chicks)

You still have until the end of the day to post your #cookingforcopyright photos on social media.  We hope you’ve enjoy this fun look at copyright.  Thank you to Katie Wood and all the other staff at Archives who helped find these fabulous recipes.  We couldn’t have done Cooking for Copyright without you!

Stay tuned to our blog as next week we’ll catch up on what’s been happening in the wider world of copyright because there’s been some interesting developments.

Download the recipe – Harrison Family – Horse & Cattle Spice

Download the recipe – Harrison Family – Instructions for Working Incubator (aka How to grow your own chicks)

Recipes and images courtesy of Harrison Family Collection Harrison Family 1978.0119, File 4_7 Recipe Book, Unit 2 University of Melbourne Archives.

Cooking for Copyright – Lunch is Served

All this week, To celebrate the success of the original Cooking for Copyright campaign, which was instrumental in getting an amendment to the Copyright Act which brings the duration of unpublished works into line with published material, we are republishing our blogs from 2015.  We hope you enjoy them again.  We’ll be blogging more details of the recent amendments to the Copyright Act soon.

Today, we thought we’d share some lunch recipes from the YHA recipe book, as well as some accompaniments, which we found in the Harrison Family collection. So for lunch we have fish croquettes with rice or spaghetti two ways (I’ve been watching way too much Masterchef) – either à la Buller or à la Station.  These three recipes come from our friends Lois and Gwen from the YHA.

For dessert, we have a recipe for toffee from the Harrison family.

Harrison Family Recipes – Toffee

And the Harrison family have also provide us with recipes for something to wash it all down with – either chili beer or if that’s a little too hot for your palate, you can try the ginger beer instead.


So there you have a complete lunch menu.  I’ll think we’ll share it with the University’s Events team – maybe the Vice Chancellor can use it for his next University function!

In yesterday’s post, we talked about some of the problems with orphaned works – where the copyright owner or rights holder is either unknown or cannot be contacted – and the need for copyright reform to address that issue.  Today I wanted to highlight some of the issues that libraries face in providing copies of material to library patrons.

The Copyright Act allows libraries to make material from their collections available to library users, but these provisions are often limited to specific purposes, such as research or study.  We can’t provide copies for other reasons.  This makes dealing with some works difficult, particularly for older unpublished material where it is difficult to get permission from the copyright owner. While limiting the duration of copyright for unpublished material would help to some degree, libraries and other cultural organisations are also lobbying for a broad, open ended and flexible US-style fair use exception to copyright.

The Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC) completed a review of copyright in 2012.   In the review, the ALRC recommended the introduction of a fair use exception similar to fair use which already operates in the US.  A fair use exception would be different to the fair dealing exceptions that already exist in the Australian Copyright Act.  Rather than being limited to specific purposes, fair use would include illustrative purposes but any use would be covered so long as it was “fair and reasonable”.  The illustrative purposes would cover things like research or study; criticism or review; parody or satire; reporting news; professional advice; quotation; non-commercial private use; incidental or technical use; library or archive use; education; and access for people with disability.  Other uses might also be covered by fair use – making it easier for the law to keep up with changes to technology and how we use content and information.

A fair use exception would allow us (arguably) to post these recipes online without infringing copyright.

Tomorrow is the last day for Cooking for Copyright, so you  have one more day to post your pictures on social media.  Tomorrow, we’ll also share our final blog post.

Download YHA Recipes – Lunch Dishes – Croquettes and Spaghetti

Download Harrison Family Recipes – Toffee

Download Harrison Family Recipes – Chili Beer and Ginger Beer

Recipes and images courtesy of Youth Hostels – Youth Hostels Association of Victoria, 1997.0029 and the Harrison Family Collection Harrison Family 1978.0119, File 4_7 Recipe Book, Unit 2 University of Melbourne Archives.

Cooking for Copyright – Wakey, wakey, rise and shine

All this week, To celebrate the success of the original Cooking for Copyright campaign, which was instrumental in getting an amendment to the Copyright Act which brings the duration of unpublished works into line with published material, we are republishing our blogs from 2015.  We hope you enjoy them again.  We’ll be blogging more details of the recent amendments to the Copyright Act soon.

We thought we’d start the day in style with breakfast. Katie found an old Youth Hostels of Australia cookbook which includes some interesting breakfast dishes including fritters, kedgeree and vegetable cakes.

YHA Hostel Cookbook – Breakfast Dishes – Fritter Batter and Kedgeree


YHA Hostel Cookbook – Breakfast Dishes – Vegetable Cakes

Notes included with the recipe book say that it was compiled for work parties at the Mount Buller Hostel and that each work party included 6 women and 20 men (hence the need for a bit more than corn flakes for breakfast.) The work party and presumably the recipes continued to be used until August 1952.

One of the final notes with the recipe book state that Eric Berry was a fussy eater and a salad was made for him instead.

We are having lots of fun sharing these recipes with you but it’s also important to realise that these recipes are still protected by copyright and that permission is required from the copyright owner of the material. But often identifying the copyright owner of older unpublished material can be really difficult. Is it YHA or the ladies who compiled and used the recipes? Again, the notes give us some clues. The recipe book was donated to the YHA Archives in July 1996 by Lois Longhaven (at least I’m assuming that’s her surname – it is hard to read some of the handwriting). It was compiled by Lois Longhaven (nee Nutting) after she took over ordering from Gwen Holmes. It’s not clear if Gwen also had a hand in compiling some of the recipes and might also be a copyright owner. Finally, there is a note that Lois’s cousin Betty Nutting also took over for a while. Is Betty also a potential copyright owner?

Tracking down Lois, Gwen and Betty or their families to find out what if they own copyright will be incredibly difficult, if not impossible. Copyright protected material where the copyright owners either can’t be identified or contact are often called orphaned works. Many libraries have hundreds of thousands of unpublished orphaned works in their collections that they would like to digitise and share with the researchers and library, but are unable to do so because copyright is perpetual in unpublished orphaned works. If we go ahead and make the material available without permission, we run the risk of the copyright owner coming forward and taking legal action. Currently, there is no defense or legal protection for using orphaned works.

The ALRC has recommended in their review of copyright that the Copyright Act should include provisions that allow the use of orphaned works under a proposed fair use exception, but also to limit what action a copyright owner can take if an orphaned work is used so long as there was a reasonably diligent search for the copyright owner first. Until then, we will just have to hope Lois, Gwen and Betty (or their assignees) don’t follow our blog too closely.  However, Lois, Gwen, Betty and your families, if you are following us – we would love to hear from you!

Well I hope you’ve enjoyed sharing breakfast with us.  In our next blog post, the YHA will be serving up lunch.

Download the recipe for Fritters and Kedgeree

Download the recipe for Vegetable cakes

Recipes and images courtesy of University of Melbourne Archives.

Cooking for Copyright – Battle of the Sponge Cakes

All this week, To celebrate the success of the original Cooking for Copyright campaign, which was instrumental in getting an amendment to the Copyright Act which brings the duration of unpublished works into line with published material, we are republishing our blogs from 2015.  We hope you enjoy them again.  We’ll be blogging more details of the recent amendments to the Copyright Act soon.

This week is Cooking for Copyright.  We asked Katie Wood, an Archivist at the University’s Archives, if she could find us some old recipes for Cooking for Copyright.  Katie has been an absolute legend and found us some fantastic recipes.

The Armytages were a prominent Melbourne family and we hold a collection of documents related to the family. In the Armytage family’s recipes and household hints, Katie, with help from her colleagues in Archives, found three recipes for sponge cakes from 1938 and 1939, including one for a prize winning cake.

Cake # 1 1938 Sun’s Sponge Cake – 1st Prize

I love that the recipe notes that the prize was a 26 pound sterling gas stove awarded to Mrs. Wilson.

Cake #2 1939 – Enid’s Sponge Cake (V.Good)

And here’s where I think the recipes get interesting. Enid’s recipe for sponge cake from January 1939 is noted as being very good.  Grace’s recipe from July 1939 is also noted as being very good and the author of the recipe notes that (perhaps controversially??) that Grace’s cake may be better than Enid’s to such an extent that Enid has begun using Grace’s recipe in preference to her own! (Them’s fighting words!!!!)

We haven’t had a chance to bake all three cakes and put them to a taste test to see which is best.  But if anyone out there is willing to take on the challenge – we’d love to hear from you.  Comment on our blog below or post on the Library’s Facebook or Twitter using #spongecakebattle.

Download the recipe for Enid’s Cake

Download the recipe for Grace’s Cake

Download the recipe for Sun’s Sponge Cake (1st Prize)

Recipes and images courtesy of Armytage Family Collection Armytage 1968.0011 55, File 5_5 Recipes, household hints etc. Unit 7 University of Melbourne Archives.

Cooking for Copyright! – the Second Course

Some of our regular readers may remember that back in July 2015, we participated in Cooking for Copyright:

Today, FAIR (Freedom of Access to Information and Resources) is holding an event that aims to change copyright rules for the better.

They have spearheaded the Cooking for Copyright campaign in order to push for copyright reforms around unpublished material.  At the moment, unpublished material like diaries, journals, and handwritten recipes are protected by copyright forever.  In contrast, published material is generally in copyright for 70 years after the death of the author or creator.   Many cultural institutions, including our Archives and Special Collections here in the Library, have a wealth of unpublished material which are languishing unused because of these restrictive copyright rules.

FAIR is attempting to raise the public’s awareness of these issues by encouraging us to dish up recipes and share them on social media with the hashtag #cookingforcopyright.  They’ve collected unpublished recipes from various archives and published them on their website for everyone to try.  Hopefully, this campaign will stimulate public interest in the issue such that impending copyright reforms can enable libraries and other cultural institutions more flexibility in using unpublished materials.

Here at the Copyright Office, we’ll be sharing our own culinary creations over the coming week, and we’d love for you to join in too.  We’ll be posting pictures here or our blog, or you can share them directly with FAIR on their Facebook page.  If you’re on Twitter, remember to use #cookingforcopyright to tag your pièce de résistance!

More information about this campaign can be found FAIR’s Cooking for Copyright website.  Let’s get cooking!

Well believe it or not, the Cooking for Copyright campaign worked.  In June, the Copyright Amendment Disability and Other Measures (CADAOM) Act was passed by Parliament and included in the amendment was a change to the duration of copyright for unpublished works. Unpublished works will now be protected for the same length of time as published works, i.e. life of the creator plus 70 years. The new standard term would apply to works created before 1 January 2019 that remain unpublished (or otherwise not made public) at that date.

So congratulations to everyone who campaigned with cakes.  To celebrate the change, we are republishing our Cooking for Copyright blogs from 2015 all this week. So please enjoy and feel free to test the recipes!

For more information visit FAIR’s We’re Cooking for Copyright Again website.

LMS and Readings Online unavailable Friday 21 July and Saturday 22 July



The Learning Management System (LMS) and Readings Online will be unavailable during the scheduled LMS maintenance window from 10pm Fri 21 July to 12pm (noon) Sat 22 July.  We apologise for the inconvenience this may cause.

We are encouraging staff and students to download any material required from Readings Online before the shutdown.  Staff and students will still be able to access digital content such as ebooks and journal articles via the catalogue and Discovery.  Simple instructions on how to do this are available from:

How to Access eBooks when Readings Online is Unavailable

How to Access Journal Articles when Readings Online is Unavailable

Please note this will only apply where Readings Online links to an ebook or a journal article that is available electronically via the Library’s databases.  If Readings Online links to a pdf of a print book chapter or journal article, access to the pdf will not be available and the pdf will need to be downloaded before LMS shutdown period.

Further information about the LMS shutdown is available at the LMS website.

If you have any questions about this or need assistance please contact us at

Image credit – Detour by Nicolas Nova  88x31

Back to the Future

Last week, I blogged about the Future Library – a 100 year artwork where each year for the next 100 years, a writer will be commissioned to write a work for the Future Library.  However, the works will not be viewed by anyone or published until 2114.  Readers in 2114 will get the chance to look back and see how the world worked 100 years previously and possibly get glimpses of the future. Over the weekend, I discovered an almost opposite project – France in the XXI Century.  France in the XXI Century is a series of postcards by a number of French artists created for the 1900 World Exhibition in Paris.  The postcards were futuristic drawings showing what the artists thought France would be like in the year 2000.  There are at least 87 known cards and 51 of these have been added to Wikimedia Commons.  The cards are out of copyright and in the public domain. The cards are interesting in their own right but having discovered them at more or less the same time as the Future Library, I couldn’t resist the serendipity of it all.

You can view all 51 images on Wikimedia Commons but below are some of my favourite images.

Divers on horseback by Jean-Marc Côté.

Continue reading “Back to the Future”

Copyright and The Big O (Orientation, that is!)

Recent blog posts have focused on getting ready for teaching and Semester 1, but for many of you this time of year is when you’re flat out getting ready for Orientation.  No doubt you’re busy making the hard decisions (should we go with Fantales or Minties for the lollies giveaway?) and haven’t had much of a chance to spare a thought for copyright.  So here are our top copyright tips for Orientation.

Performing Music at Orientation Events

The University has a music licence which allows us to play music at University events.  So whether it’s Tay Tay at the FBE students’ welcome sausage sizzle; or a live performance of classical music to accompany the Dean’s welcome, we’ve got you covered!  There are some conditions and limitations that apply and more information is available on our website or you can contact us.

Photographing and Filming at Orientation

If you are photographing or filming students at Orientation then you may need to get their consent.  Two consent forms are available – one for if you are just photographing people or filming them and one to use if the person being filmed or recorded is creating or providing copyright material, for example if you are doing a Vox Pop for students.  This consent form can also be used if you are asking students to create content for you that may then be uploaded and shared on the web or via social media. Copies of both consent forms and information on using them is available on the staff hub.

If you are photographing or filming at events where there are large numbers of people present; it may not be practical to get consent from each individual person. Signage is available to let people know it’s happening and what to do if they don’t wish to be filmed or photographed.  You can download templates for the signage from our website.

Social Media

Many of you will be making use of the University’s social media presence to communicate with students.  If you upload images to social media, make sure that the images are copyright compliant. Here are 3 quick and easy ways to source copyright compliant images:

  1. Create the image yourself.  If it includes people make sure that you get their consent to post the image on social media (see above).
  2. Use images from the University’s imagebank (for University themed images)
  3. Use Creative Commons images (for more general images). You can limit your search on Google to just Creative Commons content.  We posted instructions on how to do this in one of Christmas blog posts. (just ignore the Christmas theme!)

These tips work equally well for any website or print media such as a poster or brochure.


If you are running competitions for students during orientation, there are some requirements to be aware of and you can contact us for more information

We hope that these suggestions have made your orientation preparation both a little easier and copyright compliant.  We’re happy to help, so if you have any more questions, send us an email or give us a call.

Image credits – University orientation from the University imagebank1950s ‘Sweetacres’ Fantales and Minties advertisement by Bess Georgette, licensed under CC BY-SA

The Future Library and Future Copyright

Over the weekend, I stumbled across an article in The Age about The Future Library: Why you face a big wait to read any of the books.  The Future Library is a public artwork by Scottish artist – Katie Paterson comprised of four key components:

  • A forest of trees growing over the next 100 years just outside Oslo
  • One commissioned writer every year for 100 years contributing a text to a collection to be published in an anthology of books made from the paper produced by the forest of trees in 2114
  • A room designed by the artist which will house and hold in trust the growing collection of unpublished and unread manuscripts
  • A Limited edition artwork – a certificate that entitles the buyer to one complete set of the texts printed on the paper made from the trees after they are fully grown and cut down in 2114[1]

The Age article was an interview with novelist David Mitchell, who was the second author to contribute to the project.  Margaret Atwood being the first.  Icelandic novelist, Sjon, is the third artist and will contribute his work in 2017.I am totally intrigued by this project – imagine writing a text with the intention of not allowing anyone to read it for 100 years.  Although the “embargo” period will be less for later texts added to the collection.

Of course, being the copyright nerd that I am, I couldn’t help but ponder the copyright challenges for this project, particularly when I read this paragraph in the Age article:”The future does bring one benefit, though. Mitchell realised he could quote as many song lyrics as he liked without having to pay, because in 100 years’ time they’d be in the public realm. “So I’ve quoted from a Beatles song.””  I had a little *LOL* and thought “Ah, famous last words!”

There is no guarantee that the Beatles or any other current song lyric will be in the public domain in 100 years time.  Copyright owners and rights holders have successfully lobbied in the past for copyright to be extended.  In 2005, the Australian copyright term was extended from life plus 50 years to life plus 70 years, meaning no works will come out of copyright under Australian law until at least 2025.  Given that many copyright owners and rights holders are large corporations – they have a vested interest in keep their catalogues in copyright for a long as possible – it is likely that they will continue to lobby for copyright to be extended and extended and extended, ensuring no works enter the public domain.  Even now, there are suggestions that copyright should be lengthened to life plus 100 years.  On the flip side, suggestions by the Productivity Commission in their recent review of IP, that the duration or copyright should be shortened have been meet with howls of protest from authors, creators and copyright owners. As a result, David Mitchell (or his heirs) may well end up still having to pay the Beatles’ heirs to use their lyrics.

But what are some of the other copyright issues?

The contributed texts are all unpublished and will remain unpublished until 2114, and are all protected under copyright law.  Under current Australian copyright law, and in many other jurisdictions, unpublished material remains in copyright indefinitely until it is published when the copyright clock starts ticking.  Once published, the work becomes subject to the normal term of copyright, which is currently life plus 70 years or 70 years after the year of publication if the work is first published after the author’s death.  So under the current rules, the contributed works should all still be in copyright.  However, there have been suggestions as part of copyright reform that the duration for unpublished material should be the same as for published material – the people at the Productivity Commission were very busy little bees when reviewing copyright!  If this change was implemented, by the time the texts were published in 2114, if the author had died before 2044, the work could be out of copyright.  The work would enter into the public domain as soon as it was published.  Many people would argue that this would be a good thing – the work could be freely shared and adapted and built upon. However, I can’t help but wonder if the authors’ involved would share the same view?

Let’s assume the opposite – what if any changes to copyright between now and 2114 strengthen and lengthen protection rather than shorten and reduce it?  As a result, the works all remain in copyright and will continue to be once published in 2114.  This will pose some challenges to Future Library Trust who are responsible for looking after the texts for the next 100 years and then publishing them in 2114.  Presumably some sort of copyright agreement was entered into the authors?  Did they transfer copyright?  Did they waive their copyright to make it easier to manage the work in future?  Did they adopt a licensing scheme such as Creative Commons (and if so, can we still guarantee that that licensing scheme will still be valid in 2114)?  Did any agreement take into account potential changes to copyright and what impact it might have on The Future Library.

It is likely that copyright will change over the next 100 years and whether it is strengthened or reduced, any changes will potentially impact The Future Library.  Currently, there is no information on their website about how copyright is the works will be managed. Just how exactly copyright will change is an unknown.  There is always a balancing act between protecting author’s rights and ensuring that the community can access and use copyright material. So if you are keeping an eye on The Future Library to see which authors contribute to the project, spare a thought for copyright.


1 2016 Press release – The Future Library

Image Trees by jingoba  From

Jump in, the water’s fine – Find out what polar bears and teaching material have in common!

Yes it’s that time of year again when all of you with upcoming teaching commitments are thinking about whether your resources are ‘good to go’. Remember that Readings Online is an easy, fast way to make subject readings available.  Any subject readings that you provide to your students must be copyright compliant and Readings Online will mange the copyright requirements for you.

There are two ways of setting up your readings in Readings Online. You can email Readings Online ( a copy of your reading list and we will set your readings up for you. Or you can also upload your own readings to Readings Online using the self service option.  Information guides are available via the Readings Online website if you want to find more about self service.   We are also running information session throughout February so that you can learn more about Readings Online.  For more information, visit our Events webpage.

If you’re interested in finding out more about how Readings Online works, you can visit our demonstration LMS subject on polar bears.  You can see how Readings Online integrates with the LMS to provide students with a well presented reading list. To access this LMS subject, you will need to self-enrol in the subject by:

  1. Log into your LMS account here first,  then
  2. Click our self enrol link here and select ‘Submit’.

That should help you get started, but remember, we’re only an email or a phone call away! So if you need help, if you’re unsure, contact us now! We’re here to help you!  Happy Compliant Teaching!

Image: Polar Bears by Skeeze Via


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