Thing 07: Researcher identifiers and your publication profile

Portraits of four fifteenth-century printmakers
Portraits of printmakers Gutenberg, Manutius, Koster, Fust and Frobenius. Title-page from Michel Maittaire, ‘Annales typographici’, The Hague, 1719 (Rjksmuseum, Amsterdan).

Nowadays, merely undertaking interesting research is not enough to build a successful career as a researcher; it’s also crucial in the competitive world of academia to be able to demonstrate the impact, influence and reach of your research. Thing 07 explores a range of tools that can help you do this. This week’s post was written by Jennifer Warburton, Program Leader: Research Impact & Training, and Satu Alakangas, Liaison Librarian & Research Support (Business & Economics).


Getting started

This week we explore the benefits of setting up Researcher Identifiers to create an accessible online presence for your research outputs. They can also help you to track and measure the impact of your scholarly research publications.

If you are an academic, you are likely to have an online university profile. However, there are a number of other researcher profile systems or researcher identifiers that can link your publications and create a unique scholarly identity. Some are open-access initiatives, others are linked to subscription citation databases, and increasingly the various systems are becoming interlinked.

Benefits of Researcher Identifiers

We believe it’s well worth investing time to set up your researcher identifiers and online publication profile. They increase your online visibility and thus the chances of your research being read and being cited. Researcher profiles can be browsed by other researchers, prospective research collaborators, students, journalists, and funding bodies.

Researcher identifiers also distinguish you from other researchers via author disambiguation. When researchers have similar or identical names it can be difficult for others to easily identify or attribute your work. Some researchers change names during their careers and author names may be displayed in varying formats in different publications and indexes. Researcher identifiers can be used to group all name variations under which you may have published and your affiliations with different institutions.

You may be required to list your publishing ‘track record’ or ‘Top 10’ publications as evidence of scholarly impact for academic tenure,  promotion and funding applications. The gathering of this information can be time-consuming if done manually. Researcher profiles and identifiers assist with the easy compilation of research impact report. Also, it’s quick to check who has been citing your papers!


Open Researcher & Contributor ID (ORCID)

ORCID is an open, non-profit, and internationally recognised registry of unique researcher identifiers. It provides a method for linking your research activities and outputs using a 16-digit number to identify individual researchers in much the same way that ISBNs and DOIs identify individual books and articles. ORCID is discipline- and corporate-neutral and also interlinks other identifier systems.

ORCID identifiers are increasingly being used by journal publishers, funding bodies and university repositories, to identify individual researchers. A number of journal submission systems now ask for ORCID identifiers, and one of the major medical funding agencies, the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), suggests that researchers with an ORCID could include it in their Research Grant Management System (RGMS) user profile. The Australian Research Council (ARC) may follow suit.

ORCID itself does not track citations, but it can be used with citation indexes.

Try this

Set up an ORCID identifier if you don’t already have one. It’s a short and easy process and will save you time later. If you have more than one university email address, it is important that you make sure that your ORCID account has all your email addresses associated with it to avoid duplicate ORCIDs being created. In the second half of 2014 the University of Melbourne will start work with ORCID to create IDs for Research Higher Degree students.


ResearcherID (Thomson Reuters)

Thomson Reuters, producer of Web of Science, provides the free ResearcherID service which can be used even if your publications are not indexed in Web of Science.    

With a ResearcherID you can build a biographical profile and an online publication list, which is not restricted to journal articles but can also include patents, conference proceedings, grants and so on. The ResearcherID can provide citation counts for any of your Web of Science-indexed papers, and an ‘h-index’ is automatically calculated on these. ResearcherID profiles can be public or private and there is an option to assign an ORCID at the same time.

When used within the Web of Science database, ResearcherID  simplifies the process of compiling Author Citation Reports, h-indexes and other publication metrics, and provides greater accuracy. This can be handy when you need to gather research impact metrics quickly for that looming application deadline.

As an example, take a look at the ResearcherID of Mitchell Black. Mitchell is a PhD candidate based in Earth Sciences here at the University of Melbourne and has kindly agreed to share his ResearcherID with 23 Research Things. As you can see, having added his publications, Mitchell can get publication metrics for the papers indexed in Web of Science via the Citation Metrics link. Like many with ResearcherIDs Mitchell lists his in his email signature as part of his professional calling-card.

For more information on ResearcherID, see the website and this factsheet.


Scopus Author Identifier (Elsevier)

Scopus, another of the large subscription citation indexes, provides citation counts for the articles and authors published within the Scopus journal set.

Publications indexed in the Scopus citation database are automatically assigned Scopus Author Identifiers. If your publications are indexed in Scopus you’ll be assigned an Identifier, which you can use to can create your Citation Overview, calculate your ‘h-index’ and view other metrics for publications from 1996 onwards. To view author level metrics use the Author Search, and from the results click on an author’s name. Your Scopus Author ID can also be linked to your ORCID identifier.

It’s a good idea to check the accuracy of your Scopus Author profile on a regular basis and ensure that you only have a single Identifier.

Learn more about Scopus Author Identifiers here.


Google Scholar Citations

Google Scholar Citations profiles assist in providing citation data from a variety of sources. Google Scholar indexes a broader range of publication types than the subscription citation databases; for example, it also includes working papers, government reports, theses, and book chapters. A Google Scholar Citations profile will help you to keep track of who is citing your publications, graph citations over time, and calculate different citation metrics. We recommend that Google Scholar Citations profiles are made public (the default is private), so that they appear in Google Scholar results, which makes it easy for others to follow your work. As with other online identifiers, authors should check their Google Scholar Citations profile regularly to ensure correct assignment of publications.

For a great example, have a look at the Google Scholar Citations profile of Dr Dominique Hes from the University’s Faculty of Architecture Building & Planning. Note the automatic compilation of Dominique’s publication metrics. We also like Dominque’s use of keywords for her areas of interest, which really help to increase findability.


Find an Expert (University of Melbourne)

For University of Melbourne staff, the university’s Find an Expert site is your primary institutional profile, and is a heavily-used resource by the public, journalists, prospective research collaborators and funders. It’s therefore worth ensuring that your publication list is up-to-date and accurate. At the time of writing your public researcher profile is updated via My Research profile in Themis.


Melbourne Research Window (University of Melbourne)

Melbourne Research Windows (MRW) is a University-only site for staff. Individual researcher profiles currently include: publication and citation data, collaboration networks and funding information. MRW brings together publication information sourced from the University, Thomson Web of Science, and the Australian Research Council.



  • You need to actively monitor your researcher profiles to keep them up-to-date and ensure that all your publications are included. A number of the publication lists are generated automatically and we’ve sometimes seen incorrect publications assigned to authors, which skews the accuracy of automatically generated metrics.
  • Citation counts alone are not an indication of excellent research. They should be used with other qualitative measures.
  • No single tool can provide a comprehensive measurement of research publication impact. Tools providing citation analysis can only track the journals indexed within the individual database. This means that results obtained from the different citation tools are not comparable since their coverage varies. Similarly, these tools are not comprehensive listings of all global research publications: i.e., not all researchers publish in journals indexed by Web of Science or Scopus, and not all publications are indexed in Google Scholar.

Comparison chart


Researcher ID

Google Scholar Citations

Scopus Author Identifier


Find an Expert

Melbourne Research Windows


Owner Thomson Reuters Google Elsevier Open-source, non-profit University of Melbourne University of Melbourne
Citation counts  Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
h-index Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
User  privacy controls  Yes Yes N/A Yes N/A N/A
Open, public profile  Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Need to know Stand-alone webpage.Public or private.All publications can be added.Provides citation data for Web of Science-indexed publications.Can be used in Web of Science.

Author reports can be downloaded from Web of Science.


Can be linked to ORCID.


Need to ensure no erroneous publications are assigned automatically.Make your profile public, so that it will appear in Scholar results when your name is searched. Scopus automatically generates an Author Identifier.Only offered to authors with papers published in journals indexed by Scopus.Cannot attach publications from other sources.Regularly check that your publications are linked under one author identifier. If not, request to merge authors.Can be linked to ORCID. Being used by publishers, citation databases, funders.Can link to your other identifiers e.g. Scopus, ResearcherID or LinkedIn Uni of Melb staff public profile.Linked to publication collection. Data entry via Themis. Uni of Melb staff internal only profile.



Need help with any of the above?

  • The University Research impact service for staff  can assist with publication citation analysis and journal impact metrics to support grant and promotion applications.
  • The Library’s Research Impact guide provides links to tools for measuring and monitoring the impact of research. The guide covers citation impact, journal impact, book impact, h-index, altmetrics and other impact measurements.


Further Reading

Jonathon O’Donnell, “Allow Me to Introduce Myself.” Research Whisperer, 6 May 2014.

Verena Weigert, “What is ORCID and Why is it Important?”, JISC Blog, 3 October 2013.


Jennifer Warburton, Program Leader: Research Impact & Training, and Satu Alakangas, Liaison Librarian & Research Support (Business & Economics).


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