Here you can see the latest outputs from our research and engagement as well as other works that have been published by members of the Q Fever Group. Please feel free to contact us if you require access to publication full texts.

Click to scroll to section







Other Publications

Research by the Q Fever Group is investigating the epidemiology of zoonotic Q fever outbreaks in Australia


Clark, N.J., Tozer, S., Wood, C., Firestone, S.M., Stevenson, M., Caraguel, C., Chaber, A-L, Heller, J., Soares Magalhães, R.J.(2020) Unravelling animal exposure profiles of human Q fever cases in Queensland, Australia, using natural language processing. Transbound Emerg Dis. 00:1-13. DOI: 10.1111/tbed.13565


Raijmakers, R.P.H., Stenos, J., Keijmel, S.P., ter Horst, R., Novakovic, B., Nguyen, C., van der Meer, J.W.M., Netea, M.G., Bleeker-Rovers, C.P., Joosten, L.A.B. & Graves, S.R. (2019) Long-lasting transcriptional changes in circulating monocytes of acute Q fever patients. Open Forum Infect. Dis., DOI: 10.1093/ofid/ofz296.

Islam, A., Stenos, J., Vincent, G. & Graves, S. (2019) A short report on the lack of a pyrogenic response of Australian genomic group IV isolates of Coxiella burnetii in guinea pigs. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis., 4, 18.

Wood, C., Muleme, M., Tan, T., Bosward, K., Gibson, J., Alawneh, J., McGowan, M., Barnes, T.S., Stenos, J., Perkins, N., Firestone, S.M. & Tozer, S. (2019) Validation of an indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) for the detection of IgG antibodies against Coxiella burnetii in bovine serum. Prev. Vet. Med., 169, 104698.

Gidding, H.F., Faddy, H.M., Durrheim, D.N., Graves, S.R., Nguyen, C., Hutchinson, P., Massey, P. & Wood, N. (2019) Seroprevalence of Q fever among metropolitan and non‐metropolitan blood donors in New South Wales and Queensland, 2014–2015. Med. J. Aust., 210, 309-315.

Armstrong, M., Francis, J., Robson, J., Graves, S., Mills, D., Ferguson, J. & Nourse, C., 2019. Q fever vaccination of children in Australia: Limited experience to date. J. Paed. Child Health. doi:

Clark, N.J., Caraguel, C., Heller, J., Soares Magalhães, R.J. and Firestone, S. Australia’s drought could be increasing Q fever risk, but there are ways we can protect ourselves. The Conversation. March 12, 2019.


Canevari, J.T., Firestone, S.M., Vincent, G., Campbell, A., Tan, T., Muleme, M., Cameron, A.W.N. & Stevenson, M.A., 2018. The prevalence of Coxiella burnetii shedding in dairy goats at the time of parturition in an endemically infected enterprise and associated milk yield losses. BMC Vet. Res. 14(1):353.

Bond, K.A., Franklin, L., Sutton, B., Stevenson, M.A., Firestone, S.M., 2018. A review of 20 years of human acute Q Fever notifications in Victoria, 1994-2013. Aust. Vet. J. 96:223-230.

Clark N., Soares Magalhães R.J., 2018. Airborne geographical dispersal of Q Fever from livestock holdings to human communities: a systematic review and critical appraisal of evidence. BMC Infect. Dis. doi: 10.1186/s12879-018-3135-4.

Sellens, E., Bosward, K., Willis, S., Heller, J., Cobbold, R., Comeau, J., Norris, J., Dhand, N. & Wood, N. (2018) Frequency of adverse events following Q fever immunisation in young adults. Vaccines, 6, 83.

Sellens, E., Norris, J.M., Dhand, N.K., Heller, J., Hayes, L., Gidding, H.F., Willaby, H., Wood, N. & Bosward, K.L. (2018) Willingness of veterinarians in Australia to recommend Q fever vaccination in veterinary personnel: Implications for workplace health and safety compliance. PLoS One, 13, e0198421.


Bond, K.A., Franklin, L.J., Sutton, B., Firestone, S.M., 2017. Q-Vax Q fever vaccine failures, Victoria, Australia 1994–2013. Vaccine 35, 7084-7087.

Coxiella burnetii infections in intensively-managed dairy goats: elucidation of transmission dynamics and vaccination strategies, Muleme (2017) PhD thesis.

Muleme, M., Campbell, A., Stenos, J., Devlin, J.M., Vincent, G., Graves, S., Cameron, A.R., Wilks, C.R., Firestone, S.M., 2017. A longitudinal study of Coxiella burnetii transmission dynamics in intensively-managed kid goats supports early use of vaccines. Vet. Res. 48, 1-15.

Muleme, M., Stenos, J., Vincent, G., Wilks, C.R., Devlin, J.M., Campbell, A., Cameron, A., Stevenson, M.A., Graves, S., Firestone, S.M., 2017. Peripartum dynamics of Coxiella burnetii infections in intensively managed dairy goats associated with a Q fever outbreak in Australia. Prev. Vet. Med. 139, 58-66.


Muleme, M., Stenos, J., Vincent, G., Campbell, A., Graves, S., Warner, S., Devlin, J.M., Nguyen, C., Stevenson, M.A., Wilks, C.R., Firestone, S.M., 2016. Bayesian validation of the indirect immuno-fluorescence assay and its superiority to the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and complement fixation test for detecting antibodies against Coxiella burnetii in goat serum. Clin. Vaccine Immunol., CVI. 00724-00715.

Wilks, C., 2016. Q Fever Risk Management Plan for proposed intensive dairy goat farms. Nuchev Pty Ltd.

Sellens, E., Norris, J.M., Dhand, N.K., Heller, J., Hayes, L., Gidding, H.F., Willaby, H., Wood, N. & Bosward, K.L., 2016. Q Fever knowledge, attitudes and vaccination status of Australia’s veterinary workforce in 2014. PLoS One 11, e0146819.


Stevenson, M.A., Firestone, S.M., 2015. Veterinary epidemiology and ‘One Health’ in Australasia. Aust. Epidemiol. 22, 35-38.

Bond, K.A., Vincent, G., Wilks, C.R., Franklin, L., Sutton, B., Stenos, J., Cowan, R., Lim, K., Athan, E., Harris, O., Macfarlane-Berry, L., Segal, Y., Firestone, S.M., 2015. One Health approach to controlling a Q fever outbreak on an Australian goat farm. Epidemiol. Infect., 1-13.

Other Q Fever Group Member Publications

Simon Firestone (

John Stenos (

Ricardo Soares Magalhães (

Nicholas Clark (

Charles Caraguel (

Jane Heller (