Blame Your Lazy Brain for always Putting Things off!
“I should start writing my last blog post now…But, wait! I just get my first-year progress presentation done…I need to reward myself for working so hard…I have to rest well because it will upset my thinking when I am tired which is not good at all… I will fully recharge my energy tonight and will get a fresh mind tomorrow…That would be a good day to start writing…It is due by Sunday, so I still have time…I cannot start it when I am not really into it because I will end up with bad writing result.”
This is a common phenomenon that we all have likely experienced which is referred to as procrastination.
Procrastination and the history behind it
Procrastination is the action of delaying something. It does not only stand for putting off something until tomorrow but also undertaking less essential tasks and putting off the more important ones. It is different from working on something for years.
In 700 B.C., an ancient Greek poet, Hesiod proclaimed his tendency against procrastination in a poem, “Work and Days”. He said, “Do not put your work off till tomorrow and the day after”. Aristotle and Socrates, on the other hand, described procrastination using the word akrasia, meaning the acts against our better judgment through the weakness of will.
So, why do we procrastinate?
The psychology of procrastination
From psychologists’ point of view, procrastination is related to self-control issues. It pushes the procrastinator into the direction of immediate relief by avoiding a stressful or tedious task, which is referred to as “time inconsistency”.
To understand this, let’s imagine yourself in two different ways of thinking, the way you think of the present (system 1) and the way you think of the future (system 2). They are odds to each other. System 1 is working on taking action, while system 2 values future rewards, such as saving money to buy a new car or planning to have a strict diet.
So, although you have a list of things to do, your system 1 is the one that makes the decision, whether it should be done or not. That is why you might go to bed by having a plan to finish one of your assignments tomorrow, but you ended up spending more time on Facebook, Instagram, etc.
The neuroscience of procrastination
Two parts of the brain that associate to procrastination are the limbic system and the prefrontal cortex. The limbic system regulates cravings and desires. But, the main weakness of the system is that it does not care about the future. It is only concerned about immediate pleasure.
Meanwhile, the prefrontal cortex operates through your plan. Compared to the limbic system which evolves earlier, the prefrontal cortex is more lately grown. The major weakness of the system is that it is exhaustible and requires training to work more effectively.
When you procrastinate, your limbic system overrides your prefrontal cortex. You prefer what feels enjoyable rather than doing something for your future.
At the time, your brain is trying to avoid a perceived threat. The amygdala, a part of the limbic system which associates with the fear cannot distinguish between an aggressive drunker and an uncompleted assignment. Eventually, it activates pretty much the same reaction in both cases. Since your brain prefers to be flooded with the pleasurable hormone, dopamine, instead of having to deal with stress neurotransmitters, it pushes you towards abandoning the stressful task in favour of a more rewarding one.
Is there any way to stop the habit?
Breaking a long-term project down into sub-goals, setting the exact start time to work on the task and rewarding yourself after completing a task are things that you can do to motivate yourself.