Josephine BrownJo_small2

Josephine Brown is a research scientist at the Bureau of Meteorology with expertise in climate variability and change in the Australian and Pacific region. She is a Partner Investigator in the project


Josephine Brown works on understanding past, present and future variability of climate in the Australian and Pacific region. Previous research has included palaeoclimate modelling studies of El Niño and monsoon variability since the Last Glacial Maximum. Her current research is focused on reducing uncertainty in regional rainfall projections over Australia. She obtained a PhD from the University of Melbourne in 2004, and then spent three years as a postdoctoral research fellow at the University of Reading (UK). She joined the Bureau of Meteorology in 2009.

The Bureau of Meteorology bom

The Bureau of Meteorology is Australia’s national weather, climate and water agency. The Bureau contributes to national social, economic, cultural and environmental goals by providing observational, meteorological, hydrological and oceanographic services and by undertaking research into science and environment related issues in support of its operations and services. The Bureau is involved in operational seasonal predictions and the development of longer (i.e. decadal) predictions. Long historical records and palaeoclimate data, such as those to be produced through the VicDRIP project, can provide a valuable benchmark to evaluate the predictive tools developed by the Bureau.


  1. Brown, J.R., A.F. Moise, R.A. Colman (2017), Projected increases in daily to decadal variability of Asian-Australian monsoon rainfall, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL073217.
  2. Timbal, B., S. Fiddes and J.R. Brown (2017), Understanding South-east Australian rainfall projection uncertainties: the influence of patterns of projected tropical warming, International Journal of Climatology, doi:10.1002/joc.5047.
  3. Hope, P., B.J. Henley, J. Gergis, J.R. Brown and H. Ye (2016), Time-varying spectral characteristics of ENSO over the Last Millennium, Climate Dynamics, doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3393-z.
  4. Brown, J.R., A.F. Moise, R. Colman and H. Zhang (2016), Will a warmer world mean a wetter or drier Australian monsoon? Journal of Climate, 29, 4577-4596.
  5. Brown, J.N., R.J. Matear, J.R. Brown and J. Katzfey (2015), Precipitation projections in the tropical Pacific are sensitive to different types of SST bias adjustment, Geophysical Research Letters 42 (24).
  6. Brown, J.R., P. Hope, J. Gergis and B.J. Henley (2015), ENSO teleconnections with Australian rainfall in coupled model simulations of the Last Millennium, Climate Dynamics, doi:10. 1007/ s00382-015-2824-6.
  7. Grose, M.R., J. Bhend, S. Narsey, A. Sen Gupta and J.R. Brown (2015), Can We Constrain CMIP5 Rainfall Projections in the Tropical Pacific Based on Surface Warming Patterns?, Journal of Climate, 27 (24), 9123-9138
  8. Brown, J.R. (2014), Climate Science: El Nino’s variable history, Nature, 515, 494-495. [News & Views commentary on Liu et al. paper]
  9. Charles, A.N., J.R. Brown, A. Cottrill, K.L Shelton, T. Nakaegawa, Y. Kuleshov (2014), Seasonal prediction of the South Pacific Convergence Zone in the austral wet season, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 119 (22).
  10. Grose, M.R., Brown, J.N., Narsey, S., Brown, J.R., Murphy, B.F., Langlais, C., Gupta, A.S., Moise, A.F. and Irving, D.B. (2014), Assessment of the CMIP5 global climate model simulations of the western tropical Pacific climate system and comparison to CMIP3. International Journal of Climatology, 34, 3382–3399. doi:10.1002/joc.3916
  11. Brown, J.R., R.A. Colman, A.F. Moise and I.N. Smith (2014), The western Pacific monsoon in CMIP5 models: Model evaluation and projections, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 118 (22).
  12. Denniston, R. F., Wyrwoll, K. H., Polyak, V. J., Brown, J.R., Asmerom, Y., Wanamaker, A. D., and Cugley, J. (2013). A Stalagmite record of Holocene Indonesian–Australian summer monsoon variability from the Australian tropics. Quaternary Science Reviews, 78, 155-168.
  13. Brown, J.R., A. F. Moise and R. A. Colman (2013), The South Pacific Convergence Zone in CMIP5 simulations of historical and future climate, Climate Dynamics, 41, 2179-2197, doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1591-x.
  14. Brown, J. N., A. Sen Gupta, J.R. Brown, L. C. Muir, J. S. Risbey, P. Whetton, X. Zhang, A. Ganachaud, B. Murphy and S. E. Wijffels (2013), Implications of CMIP3 model biases and uncertainties for climate projections in the western tropical Pacific, Climatic Change, 119, 147-161, doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0603-5.
  15. Brown, J.N., Brown, J.R., Langlais, C., Colman, R., Risbey, J., Murphy, B.F., Moise, A., Gupta, A.S., Smith, I., Wilson, L. and Narsey, S. (2013), Exploring qualitative regional climate projections: a case study for Nauru. Climate Research, 58(2), 165-182.
  16. Phipps, S. J., H. McGregor, J. Gergis, A. Gallant, R. Neukom, S. Stevenson, D. Ackerley, J.R. Brown, M. Fischer and T. van Ommen (2013), Paleoclimate data-model comparison and the role of climate forcings over the past 1500 years, Journal of Climate, 26, 6915-6936
  17. Cai, W., M. Lengaigne, S. Borlace, M. Collins, T. Cowan, M.J. McPhaden, A. Timmermann, S. Power, J. R. Brown, C. Menkes, A. Ngari, E.M. Vincent and M.J. Widlansky (2012), More extreme swings of the South Pacific convergence zone due to greenhouse warming, Nature, 488, 365-369, doi:10.1038/nature11358
  18. Moise, A. F., R. A. Colman and J. R. Brown (2012), Behind uncertainties in projections of Australian tropical climate: Analysis of 19 CMIP3 models, Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 117, D10103, doi:10.1029/2011JD017365.
  19. Brown, J. R., A. F. Moise and F. P. Delage (2012), Changes in the South Pacific Convergence Zone in IPCC AR4 future climate projections, Climate Dynamics, 39, 1-19, doi:10.1007/s00382-011-1192-0.
  20. Perkins, S. E., D. B. Irving, J. R. Brown, S. B. Power, A. F. Moise, R. A. Colman and I. Smith (2012) CMIP3 ensemble climate projections over the western tropical Pacific based on model skill, Climate Research, 51, 35-58, doi:10.3354/cr01046.
  21. Irving, D.B., S.E. Perkins, J.R. Brown, A. Sen Gupta, A.F. Moise, B.F. Murphy, L.C. Muir, R.A. Colman, S.B. Power, S.E. Wijffels, F.P. Delage and J.N. Brown (2011), Evaluating global climate models for climate change projections in the Pacific island region, Climate Research, 49, 169-187, doi:10.3354/cr01028.
  22. Brown, J.R., S.B. Power, F.P. Delage, R.A. Colman, A.F. Moise and B.F. Murphy (2011), Evaluation of the South Pacific Convergence Zone in IPCC AR4 climate model simulations of the 20th century, Journal of Climate, 24, 1565-1582.
  23. Haynes, J.M., C. Jakob, W.B. Rossow, G. Tselioudis and J.R. Brown (2011), Major characteristics of Southern Ocean cloud regimes and their effects on the energy budget, Journal of Climate, doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI4052.1.
  24. Brown, J.R., C. Jakob, and J. Haynes (2010), An evaluation of rainfall frequency and intensity over the Australian region in a global climate model, Journal of Climate, 23, 6504-6525.
  25. Bowman, D.M., G.K. Brown, M.F. Braby, J.R. Brown, L.G. Cook, M.D. Crisp, F. Ford, S. Haberle, J. Hughes, Y. Isagi, L. Joseph, J. McBride, G. Nelson, P.Y. Ladiges (2009), Biogeography of the Australian monsoon tropics, Journal of Biogeography , 37 (2), 201-216.
  26. Brown, J., A.H. Lynch and A.G. Marshall (2009), Variability of the Indian Ocean Dipole in coupled model paleoclimate simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, D11105, doi:10.1029/2008JD010346.
  27. Brown, J., A. Tudhope, M. Collins and H. McGregor (2008), Mid-Holocene ENSO: Issues in quantitative model-proxy data comparisons, Paleoceanography, 23, PA3202, doi:10.1029/2007PA001512.
  28. Toniazzo, T., M. Collins and J. Brown (2008), The variation of ENSO characteristics associated with atmospheric parameter perturbations in a coupled model, Climate Dynamics, 30, 643–656, doi:10.1007/s00382-007-0313-2.
  29. Brown, J., M. Collins, A. Tudhope and T. Toniazzo (2008), Modelling mid-Holocene tropical climate and ENSO variability: Towards constraining predictions of future change with palaeo-data, Climate Dynamics, 30, 19–36, doi: 10.1007/s00382-007-0270-9.
  30. Brown, J., M. Collins and A. Tudhope (2006), Coupled model simulations of mid-Holocene ENSO and comparisons with coral oxygen isotope records, Advances in Geosciences, 6, 29–33.
  31. Brown, J., I. Simmonds, and D. Noone (2006), Modeling d18O in tropical precipitation and the surface ocean for present-day climate, Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 111, D05105, doi:10.1029/2004JD005611.
  32. Brown, J. and I. Simmonds (2004), Sensitivity of the d18O-temperature relationship to the distribution of continents, Geophysical Research Letters, 31, L09208, doi:10.1029/2004GL019870.