Research projects | The Team | Publications


Chong NF, Van de Wouw AP, Idnurm A. (2024) The ilv2 gene, encoding acetolactate synthase for branched chain amino acid biosynthesis, is required for plant pathogenicity by Leptosphaeria maculans. Molecular Biology Reports: in press.

Scanlan JL, Idnurm A, Van de Wouw AP. (2024) Genome-wide mapping in an international isolate collection identifies a transcontinental erg11/CYP51 promoter insertion associated with fungicide resistance in Leptosphaeria maculans. Plant Pathology 73: in press.

Chong NF, Idnurm A, Nugent BC. (2024) Genetic transformation of Cryptococcus species with Agrobacterium transfer DNA. Chapter 6 in McClelland EE (ed.) Cryptococcus neoformans: Methods and Protocols, Methods in Molecular Biology 2775: 81-90.

Idnurm A, McCallum AJ, Van de Wouw AP. (2024) No safe haven: loss of avirulence in the plant pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans by DNA duplication and repeat-induced point mutation. Plant Pathology 73: 1127-1135. Article

Hull CP, Urquhart AS, Idnurm A. (2024) Mooraboolomyces wintlei gen. & sp. nov. from Victoria, Australia. Phytotaxa 644: 35-41. Article

Gryganskyi AP, et al. (2024) Potential for use of species in the subfamily Erynioideae for biological control and biotechnology. Microorganisms 12: 168. Article

Van de Wouw AP, Scanlan JL, et al. (2023) A new set of international Leptosphaeria maculans isolates as a resource for elucidation of the basis and evolution of blackleg disease on Brassica napus. Plant Pathology 73: 170-185. Article


Scanlan JL, Mitchell AC, Marcroft SJ, Forsyth LM, Idnurm A, Van de Wouw AP. (2023) Deep amplicon sequencing reveals extensive allelic diversity in the erg11/CYP51 promoter and allows multi-population DMI fungicide resistance monitoring in the canola pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans. Fungal Genet. Biol. 168: 103814. Article

Suwanchaikasem P, Nie S, Selby‐Pham J, Walker R, Boughton BA, Idnurm A. (2023) Hormonal and proteomic analyses of southern blight disease caused by Athelia rolfsii and root chitosan priming on Cannabis sativa in an in vitro hydroponic system. Plant Direct 7: e528. Article

Gryganskyi AP, et al. (2023) Sequencing the genomes of the first terrestrial fungal lineages: what have we learned? Microorganisms 11: 1830. Article

Urquhart AS, Idnurm A. (2023) Three new pathogenicity genes in Leptosphaeria maculans identified by Agrobacterium-mediated insertional mutagenesis. Australas. Plant Pathol. 52: 373-376. Article

Xu M, Ashley NA, Vaghefi N, Wilkinson I, Idnurm A. (2023) Isolation of strains and their genome sequencing to analyze the mating system of Ophiocordyceps robertsii. PLoS One 18: e0284978. Article

Urquhart AS, Vogan AA, Gardiner DM, Idnurm A. (2023) Starships are active eukaryotic transposable elements mobilized by a new family of tyrosine recombinases. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 120: e2214521120.

Sprague S, Lindbeck K, Howlett BJ. (2023) Diseases. In Canola in Australia: 21st century progress.  Editors D Slinger, T Potter, K Light, T Moore.

Meyer V, Idnurm A. (2023) Putting Fungal Biology and Biotechnology to the test. Fungal Biol. Biotechnol. 10: 9. Article

Suwanchaikasem P, Nie S, Idnurm A, Selby-Pham J, Walker R, Boughton BA. (2023) Effects of chitin and chitosan on root growth, biochemical defense response and exudate proteome of Cannabis sativa. Plant-Environment Interactions 4: 115-133. Article

Narayanan SP, Alahakoon A, Elliott C, Russell D, Taylor P, Lo C, Chye M-L. (2023) Overexpression of rice acyl-CoA-binding protein OsACBP5 protects Brassica napus against seedling infection by fungal phytopathogens. Crop Pasture Sci. 74: 459-469.

Cantila AY, Thomas WJW, Saad NSM, Severn-Ellis AA, Anderson R, Bayer PE, Edwards D, Van de Wouw AP, Batley J. (2023) Identification of candidate genes for LepR1 resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans in Brassica napus. Front. Plant Sci. 14: 1051994. Article

Liu Y, Vaghefi N, Ades PK, Idnurm A, Ahmed A, Taylor PWJ. (2023) Globisporangium and Pythium species associated with yield decline of pyrethrum (Tanacetum cinerariifolium) in Australia. Plants 12: 1361. Article

Urquhart AS, Idnurm A. (2023) Whole genome sequencing reveals Paecilomyces paravariotii sp. nov. as a cryptic sister species to P. variotii. J. Fungi 9: 285. Article

Idnurm A. (2023) Isolation of a fungal calcineurin A mutant suggests that amoebae can counter-select virulence attributes of microbes. Med. Mycol. 61: myad013. Article


Borhan MH, Van de Wouw AP, Larkan NJ. (2022) Molecular interactions between Leptosphaeria maculans and Brassica species. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 60: 237-257. Article

Lazar N, Mesarich CH, Petit-Houdenot Y, Talbi N, Li de la Sierra-Gallay I, Zélie E, Blondeau K, Gracy J, Ollivier B, Blaise F, Rouxel T, Balesdent M-H, Idnurm A, van Tilbeurgh H, Fudal I. (2022) A new family of structurally conserved fungal effectors displays epistatic interactions with plant resistance proteins. PLoS Pathog. 18: e1010664. Article

McTaggart AR, James TY, Idnurm A, Park RF, Shuey LS, Demers NMK, Aime MC. (2022) Sexual reproduction is the null hypothesis for life cycles of rust fungi. PLoS Pathog. 18: e1010439. Article

Van de Wouw AP, Sheedy EM, Ware AH, Marcroft SJ, Idnurm A. (2022) Independent breakdown events of the Brassica napus Rlm7 resistance gene including via the off-target impact of a dual-specificity avirulence interaction. Mol. Plant Pathol. 23: 997-1010. Article

Haddadi P, Larkan NJ, Van de Wouw A, Zhang Y, Xiang Neik T, Beynon E, Bayer P, Edwards D, Batley J, Borhan MH. (2022) Brassica napus genes Rlm4 and Rlm7, conferring resistance to Leptosphaeria maculans, are alleles of the Rlm9 wall-associated kinase-like resistance locus. Plant Biotechnol. J. 20: 1229-1231.

Van de Wouw AP, Zhang Y, Mohd Saad NS, Yang H, Sheedy E, Elliott CE, Batley J. (2022) Molecular markers for identifying resistance genes in Brassica napus. Agronomy 12: 985. Article

Suwanchaikasem P, Idnurm A, Selby-Pham J, Walker R, Boughton BA. (2022) Root-TRAPR: a modular plant growth device to visualize root development and monitor growth parameters, as applied to an elicitor response of Cannabis sativa. Plant Methods 18: 46. Article

Urquhart AS, Chong NF, Yang Y, Idnurm A. (2022) A large transposable element mediates metal resistance in the fungus Paecilomyces variotii. Curr. Biol. 32: 937-950.e5.

Idnurm A, Xu M. (2022) Identification of the ergC gene involved in polyene drug sensitivity in the Mucorales species Phycomyces blakesleeanus. Mol. Biol. Rep. 49: 981-987. Article


Schnippenkoetter W, Hoque M, Maher R, Van de Wouw A, Hands P, Rolland V, Barrett L, Sprague S. (2021) Comparison of non-subjective relative fungal biomass measurements to quantify the Leptosphaeria maculansBrassica napus interaction. Plant Methods 17: 122. Article.

Van de Wouw AP, Scanlan JL, Marcroft SJ, Smith AJ, Sheedy EM, Perndt NW, Harrison CE, Forsyth LM, Idnurm A. (2021) Fungicide sensitivity and resistance in the blackleg fungus, Leptosphaeria maculans, across canola growing regions in Australia. Crop Pasture Sci., 72: 994-1007. Article

Idnurm A, Beard C, Smith A, Hills AL, Chambers KR. (2021) Emergence of Cladosporium macrocarpum disease in canola (Brassica napus). Australas. Plant Path. 50: 687-694. Article

Huth L, Ash GJ, Idnurm A, Kiss L, Vaghefi N. (2021) The “bipartite” structure of the first genome of Ampelomyces quisqualis, a common hyperparasite and biocontrol agent of powdery mildews, may point to its evolutionary origin from plant pathogenic fungi. Genome Biol. Evol. 13: evab182. Article

Urquhart AS, Elliott CE, Zeng W, Idnurm A. (2021) Constitutive expression of transcription factor SirZ blocks pathogenicity in Leptosphaeria maculans independently of sirodesmin production. PLoS One 16: e0252333. Article

Chambers KR, Van de Wouw AP, Gardiner DM, Elliott CE, Idnurm A. (2021) A conserved Zn2Cys6 transcription factor, identified in a spontaneous mutant from in vitro passaging, is involved in pathogenicity of the blackleg fungus Leptosphaeria maculans. Fungal Biol. 125: 541-550.

Urquhart AS, Idnurm A. (2021) Absidia healeyae: a new species of Absidia (Mucorales) isolated from Victoria, Australia. Mycoscience 62: 331-335. Article

Van de Wouw AP, Marcroft SJ, Sprague SJ, Scanlan JL, Vesk PA, Idnurm A. (2021) Epidemiology and management of blackleg of canola in response to changing farming practices in Australia. Australas. Plant Path. 50: 137-149.

Urquhart AS, Douch JK, Heafield TA, Buddie AG, Idnurm A. (2021) Diversity of Backusella (Mucoromycotina) in south-eastern Australia revealed through polyphasic taxonomy. Persoonia 46: 1-25. Article


Yang Y, Marcroft SJ, Forsyth LM, Zhao J, Li Z, Van de Wouw AP, Idnurm A. (2020) Sterol demethylation inhibitor fungicide resistance in Leptosphaeria maculans is caused by modifications in the regulatory region of ERG11. Plant Dis. 104: 1280-1290.

Alder-Rangel A, Idnurm A, Brand AC, Brown AJP, et al., Rangel DEN. (2020) The third International Symposium on Fungal Stress-ISFUS. Fungal Biol. 124: 235-252. Article

Urquhart AS, Idnurm A. (2020) Syncephalastrum contaminatum, a new species in the Mucorales from Australia. Mycoscience 61: 111-115. Cover illustration

Van de Wouw AP, Howlett BJ. (2020) Advances in understanding the Leptosphaeria maculansBrassica pathosystem and their impact on disease management. Can J. Plant Path. 42: 149-163.

Roberto TN, Lima RF, Pascon RC, Idnurm A, Vallim MA. (2020) Biological functions of the autophagy-related proteins Atg4 and Atg8 in Cryptococcus neoformans. PLoS One 5: e0230981. Article

Boyce KJ, Cao C, Xue C, Idnurm A. (2020) A spontaneous mutation in DNA polymerase POL3 during in vitro passaging causes a hypermutator phenotype in Cryptococcus species. DNA Repair 86: 102751.


Verma S, Shakya VPS, Idnurm A. (2019) The dual function gene RAD23 contributed to Cryptococcus neoformans virulence independently of its role in nucleotide excision DNA repair. Gene 717: 144043.

Van de Wouw AP, Idnurm A. (2019) Biotechnological potential of engineering pathogen effector proteins for use in plant disease management. Biotechnol. Adv. 37: 107387.

Urquhart AS, Hu J, Chooi YH, Idnurm A. (2019) The fungal gene cluster for biosynthesis of the antibacterial agent viriditoxin. Fungal Biol. Biotechnol. 6: 10. Article

So Y-S, Lee D-G, Idnurm A, Ianiri G, Bahn Y-S. (2019) The TOR pathway plays pleiotropic roles in growth and stress responses of the fungal pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans. Genetics 212: 1241-1258.f1000-web-logo-large

Darma R, Lutz A, Elliott CE, Idnurm A. (2019) Identification of a gene cluster for the synthesis of the plant hormone abscisic acid in the plant pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans. Fungal Genet. Biol. 130: 62-71.

Gibbons AT, Idnurm A, Seiter M, Dyer PS, Kokolski M, Goodacre SL, Gorb SN, Wolff JO. (2019) Amblypygid-fungal interactions: the whip spider exoskeleton as a substrate for fungal growth. Fungal Biol. 123: 497-506.

Boyce K, Morrissey O, Idnurm A, Macreadie I. (2019) Insights into the global emergence of antifungal drug resistance. Microbiology Australia 40: 87-91. Article

Urquhart AS, Idnurm A. (2019) Limitations of transcriptome-based prediction of pathogenicity genes in the plant pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 366: fvz080.

Boyce K, Idnurm A. (2019) Lighting up mutation: a new unbiased system for the measurement of microbial mutation rates [commentary]. mBio 10: e00740-19. Article

Zou Z, Zhang X, Parks P, du Toit LJ, Van de Wouw AP, Fernando WGD. (2019) A new subclade of Leptosphaeria biglobosa identified from Brassica rapa. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 20: 1668. Article

Van de Wouw AP, Elliott CE, Popa KM, Idnurm A. (2019) Analysis of repeat induced point (RIP) mutations in Leptosphaeria maculans indicates variability in the RIP process between fungal species. Genetics 211: 89-104. Article  f1000-web-logo-large


Zhu P, Idnurm A. (2018) The contribution of the White Collar complex to Cryptococcus neoformans virulence is independent of its light-sensing capabilities. Fungal Genet. Biol. 121: 56-64.

Idnurm A, Meyer V. (2018) The CRISPR revolution in fungal biology and biotechnology, and beyond. Fungal Biol. Biotechnol. 5: 19. Article

Condon BJ, Elliott CE, Gonzalez J, Yun SH, Akagi Y, Wiesner-Hanks T, Kodama M, Turgeon G. (2018) Clues to an evolutionary mystery: the genes for T-toxin, enabler of the devastating 1970 southern corn leaf blight epidemic, are present in ancestral species, suggesting an ancient origin. Mol. Plant-Microbe Interact. 31: 1154-1165.

Idnurm A. (2018) Mystique of Phycomyces blakesleeanus is a peculiar mitochondrial genetic element that is highly variable in DNA sequence while subjected to strong negative selection. J. Genet. 97: 1195-1204. Article

Howlett BJ. (2018) A ‘genome to paddock’ approach to control plant disease. Australas. Plant Pathol. 47: 239-243.

Urquhart AS, Mondo SJ, Mäkelä MR, Hane JK, Wiebenga A, He G, Mihaltcheva S, Pangilinan J, Lipzen A, Barry K, de Vries RP, Grigoriev IV, Idnurm A. (2018) Genomic and genetic insights into a cosmopolitan fungus, Paecilomyces variotii (Eurotiales). Front. Microbiol. 9: 3058. Article

Gryganskyi AP, Golan J, Dolatabadi S, Mondo S, Robb S, Idnurm A, Muszewska A, Steczkiewicz K, Masonjones S, Liao HL, Gajdeczka MT, Anike F, Vuek A, Anishchenko IM, Voigt K, de Hoog GS, Smith ME, Heitman J, Vilgalys R, Stajich JE. (2018) Phylogenetic and phylogenetic definition of Rhizopus species. G3, 8 2007-2018. Article

Sprague SJ, Marcroft SJ, Lindbeck KD, Ware AH, Khangura RK, Van de Wouw AP. (2018) Detection, prevalence and severity of upper canopy infection on mature Brassica napus plants caused by Leptosphaeria maculans in Australia. Crop Pasture Sci. 69: 65-78.

Verma S, Shakya VPS, Idnurm A. (2018) Exploring and exploiting the connection between mitochondria and virulence in human pathogenic fungi. Virulence 9: 426-446. Article

Van de Wouw AP, Howlett BJ, Idnurm A. (2018) Changes in allele frequencies of avirulence genes in the blackleg fungus, Leptosphaeria maculans, over two decades in Australia. Crop Pasture Sci. 69: 20-29.

Plissonneau C, Rouxel T, Chèvre AM, Van de Wouw AP, Balesdent MH. (2018) One gene-one name: the AvrLmJ1 avirulence gene of Leptosphaeria maculans is AvrLm5. Mol. Plant Pathol. 19: 1012-1016. Article

McCredden J, Cowley RB, Marcroft SJ, Van de Wouw AP. (2018) Changes in farming practices impact on spore release patterns in the blackleg pathogen, Leptosphaeria maculans. Crop Pasture Sci. 69: 1-8.

Van de Wouw AP, Batley J. (2018) Brassica 2016 – phenomics to genomics and everything in between. Crop Pasture Sci. 69: i. Article


Idnurm A, Urquhart AS, Vummadi DR, Chang S, Van de Wouw AP, López-Ruiz FJ. (2017) Spontaneous and CRISPR/Cas9-induced mutation of the osmosensor histidine kinase of the canola pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans. Fungal Biol. Biotechnol. 4: 12. Article

Van de Wouw AP, Elliott VL, Chang S, López-Ruiz FJ, Marcroft SJ, Idnurm A. (2017) Identification of isolates of the plant pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans resistant to the triazole fungicide fluquinconazole using a novel in planta assay. PLoS One 12: e0188106. Article

Urquhart AS, Coulon PML, Idnurm A. (2017) Pilaira australis sp. nov. (Mucorales, Mucoromycota) isolated from emu faeces in Australia. Phytotaxa 329: 277-283.

Urquhart AS, Idnurm A. (2017) Sit4-associated protein is required for pathogenicity of Leptosphaeria maculans on Brassica napus. Curr. Microbiol. 74: 1438-1446.

Meyer V, Nai C, Idnurm A. (2017) Openness and visibility of fungal bio(techno)logy. Fungal Biol. Biotechnol. 4: 9. Article

Idnurm A, Bailey AM, Cairns TC, Elliott CE, Foster GD, Ianiri G, Jeon J. (2017) A silver bullet in a golden age of functional genomics: the impact of Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of fungi. Fungal Biol. Biotechnol. 4: 6. Article

Hagen F, et al. (2017) Importance of resolving fungal nomenclature: the case of multiple pathogenic species in the Cryptococcus genus. mSphere 2: e00238-17. Article

Boyce KJ, Wang Y, Verma S, Shakya VPS, Xue C, Idnurm A. (2017) Mismatch repair of DNA replication errors contributes to microevolution in the pathogenic fungus Cryptococcus neoformans. mBio 8: e00595-17. Article

Ianiri G, Boyce KJ, Idnurm A. (2017) Isolation of conditional mutations in genes essential for viability of Cryptococcus neoformans. Curr. Genet. 63: 519-530. Article

Lee SC, Idnurm A. (2017) Fungal sex: the Mucoromycota. Microbiol. Spectrum 5: FUNK-0041-2017.

Polaino S, Villalobos-Escobedo JM, Shakya VPS, Miralles-Durán A, Chaudhary S, Sanz C, Shahriari M, Luque EM, Eslava AP, Corrochano LM, Herrera-Estrella A, Idnurm A. (2017) A Ras GTPase associated protein is involved in the phototropic and circadian photobiology responses in fungi. Sci. Rep. 7: 44790. Article

Shakya VPS, Idnurm A. (2017) The inhibition of mating in Phycomyces blakesleeanus by light is dependent on the MadA-MadB complex that acts in a sex-specific manner. Fungal Genet. Biol. 101: 20-30.

Yang D-H, Jung K-W, Bang S, Lee J-W, Song M-H, Floyd-Averette A, Festa RA, Ianiri G, Idnurm A, Thiele DJ, Heitman J, Bahn Y-S. (2017) Rewiring of signaling networks modulating thermotolerance in the human pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans. Genetics 205: 201-219. Article


Ianiri G, Averette A, Kingsbury JM, Heitman J, Idnurm A. (2016) Gene function analysis in the ubiquitous human commensal and pathogen Malassezia genus. mBio 7: e01853-16. Article

Meyer V, Idnurm A. (2016) The freedom of choice. Fungal Biol. Biotechnol. 3: 9. Article

Van de Wouw AP, Idnurm A, Davidson JA, Sprague SJ, Khangura RK, Ware AH, Lindbeck KD, Marcroft SJ. (2016) Fungal diseases of canola in Australia: identification of trends, threats and potential therapies. Australas. Plant Pathol. 45: 415-423.

Corrochano LM, … , Idnurm A, Herrera-Estrella A, Gabaldón T, Grigoriev IV. (2016) Expansion of signal transduction pathways in fungi by extensive genome duplication. Curr. Biol. 26: 1577-1584. Article  f1000-web-logo-large

Elliott VL, Marcroft SJ, Howlett BJ, Van de Wouw AP. (2016) Gene-for-gene resistance is expressed in cotyledons, leaves and pods, but not during late stages of stem colonisation in the Leptosphaeria maculansBrassica napus pathosystem. Plant Breeding 135: 200-207.

Idnurm A, Bahn Y-S. (2016) Fungal physiology: Red light plugs into MAPK pathway. Nature Microbiology 1: 16052.

McLean MS, Weppler R, Howlett BJ, Hollaway GJ. (2016) Spot form of net blotch suppression and yield of barley in response to fungicide application in the Wimmera region of Victoria, Australia. Australas. Plant Pathol. 45: 37-43.

Elliott CE. (2016) Control of gene expression in phytopathogenic Ascomycetes during early invasion of plant tissue. In The Mycota Volume III, ed. D. Hoffmeister, pp. 69-98.

Ianiri G, Idnurm A, Castoria R. (2016) Transcriptomic responses of the basidiomycete yeast Sporobolomyces sp. to the mycotoxin patulin. BMC Genomics 17: 210. Article

Van de Wouw A, Marcroft SJ, Howlett BJ. (2016) Blackleg disease of canola in Australia. Crop Pasture Sci. 67: 273-283.

Van de Wouw A, Elliott VL, Ware A, Lindbeck K, Howlett BJ, Marcroft SJ. (2016) Infection of canola pods by Leptosphaeria maculans and subsequent seed contamination.  Eur. J. Plant Path. 145: 687-695.


Shiller J, Van de Wouw AP, Taranto AP, Bowen JK, Dubois D, Robinson A, Deng CH, Plummer KM. (2015) A large family of AvrLm6-like genes in the apple and pear scab pathogens, Venturia inaequalis and Venturia pirinaFront. Plant Sci. 6: 980. Article

Idnurm A, Hood ME, Johannesson H, Giraud T. (2015) Contrasted patterns in mating-type chromosomes in fungi: hotspots versus coldspots of recombination. Fungal Biol. Rev. 29: 220-229. Article

Patel DA, Zander M, Van de Wouw AP, Mason AS, Edwards D, Batley J. (2015) Population diversity of Leptosphaeria maculans in Australia. International Journal of Biology 7: 3. Article

Camino LP, Idnurm A, Cerdá-Olmedo E. (2015) Diversity, ecology, and evolution in PhycomycesFungal Biol. 119: 1007-1021.

Sheedy EM, Van de Wouw AP, Howlett BJ, May TW. (2015) Population genetic structure of the ectomycorrhizal fungus Laccaria sp. A resembles that of its host tree Nothofagus cunninghamii. Fungal Ecol. 13: 23-32.

Idnurm A, Lin X. (2015) Rising to the challenge of multiple Cryptococcus species and the diseases they cause. Fungal Genet. Biol. 78: 1-6. Article

Howlett BJ, Lowe RGT, Marcroft SJ, Van de Wouw AP. (2015) Evolution of virulence in fungal plant pathogens: exploiting fungal genomics to control plant disease. Mycologia 107: 441-451. Article Cover illustration

Shine AM, Shakya VPS, Idnurm A. (2015) Phytochelatin synthase is required for tolerating metal toxicity in a basidiomycete yeast and is a conserved factor involved in metal homeostasis in fungi. Fungal Biol. Biotechnol. 2: 3. Article

Lin J, Idnurm A, Lin X. (2015) Morphology and its underlying genetic regulation impact the interaction between Cryptococcus neoformans and its hosts. Med. Mycol. 53: 493-504.

Ianiri G, Idnurm A. (2015) Essential gene discovery in the basidiomycete Cryptococcus neoformans for antifungal drug target prioritization. mBio 6: e02334-14. Article  f1000-web-logo-large

Golicz AA, Martinez PA, Zander M, Patel DA, Van de Wouw AP, Visendi P, Fitzgerald TL, Edwards D, Batley J. (2015) Gene loss in the fungal canola pathogen Leptosphaeria maculansFunct. Integr. Genomics. 15: 189-196.