Physical Rehabilitation in Older Adults

This research examined the role of music in supporting physical activity by older adults with health conditions. Results demonstrated that listening to music improved exercise endurance and intensity, leading to lowered waist circumference and blood pressure. Participants described how music listening supported them to overcome barriers to exercise and enhanced their mood. The research indicated that music is an accessible resource that can be combined with behaviour change strategies to increase adherence to physical activity recommendations.

Man singing and smiling to guitar music


Clark, I. N., Baker F.A., Peiris, C.L., Shoebridge, G. & Taylor, N.F. (2017). Participant-selected music and physical activity in older adults following cardiac rehabilitation: a randomised controlled trial. Clinical Rehabilitation, 31(3), 329-39. doi: 0.1177/0269215516640864

Clark, I. N., Baker F.A., & Taylor, N.F. (2016). Older adults’ music listening preferences to support physical activity following cardiac rehabilitation. Journal of Music Therapy, 53(4), 364-397. doi: 10.1093/jmt/thw011

Clark, I. N., Baker F. A. & Taylor, N. F. (2016). The modulating effects of music listening on health-related exercise and physical activity in adults: A systematic review and narrative synthesis. Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, 25(1), 76-104. doi: 10.1080/08098131.2015.1008558 

Clark, I. N., Baker, F. A., Peiris, C. L., Shoebridge, G., & Taylor, N. F. (2016). The Brunel Music Rating Inventory-2 is a reliable and valid instrument for older cardiac rehabilitation patients selecting music for exercise. Psychology of Music. 2016;44(2):249-62. doi: 10.1177/0305735614565830 

Kruavit, A., Teh, E., Clark, I. N. & Wadhwa, V. (2015). The role of music in improving exercise capacity in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic pulmonary disease as measured by the 2-minute walk test. Music and Medicine, 7(4).

Clark, I. N. (2015). Music and ageing well (Guest Editorial). Australian Journal of Music Therapy, 26, 4-5. Retrieved from

Clark, I. N., Baker, F. A. & Taylor, N.F. (2012). The effects of live patterned sensory enhancement on group exercise participation and mood in older adults in rehabilitation. Journal of Music Therapy, 49(2), 180-204. doi: 10.1093/jmt/49.2.180 

Clark, I. N., Taylor, N. F. & Baker F. A. (2012). Music interventions and physical activity in older adults: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 44(9), 710-719. doi: 10.2340/16501977-1025


View all our Physical Rehabilitation in Older Adults research publications here.